|These are action games with a lot of elements (character stats, item management, puzzle solving, world exploration, towns, etc.) borrowed from tabletop role-playing games like Dungeons and Dragons, computer text adventures like Colossal Cave Adventure and early RPG games like Ultima and Wizardry. Many Action RPG games use open maps and/or dungeons/labyrinths instead of a series of closed levels. Early hits include Adventure (Atari), Tower of Druaga (a huge hit in Japan), Gauntlet and The Legend of Zelda. Another variation of these games play more like normal RPG video games, but then switch to an action game play style during enemy encounters. Other Action RPGs include Golden Axe Warrior, Cadash and Beyond Oasis.|
The Legend of Zelda's success led to many competing game companies to create games which heavily borrowed from LOZ's specific formula to the point that the term 'Zelda Clone' was born. Of course, this led to misuse of the term as it was eventually applied to games that merely had a action-rpg or action-adventure theme.
|Cadash, Dragon's Crown, Gauntlet (arcade), The Legend of Zelda|
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